This open access journal publishes the proceedings of the annual NISK conference.

The aim of the NISK conference series is to be the principal Norwegian

research venue for presenting and discussing developments in the field

of ICT security and privacy, and bringing together people from

universities, industry, and public authorities. We invite both national

and international contributions by researchers, practitioners, and PhD-

and Master thesis students presenting new problems and solutions within

topics on ICT security. All papers must be original and not

simultaneously submitted to another conference or journal. Contributions

can be written in English or Norwegian. The authors retain the

copyrights to the published article except for this publication.