Enhancing Bi-directional English-Tigrigna Machine Translation Using Hybrid Approach


  • Zemicheal Berihu Aksum University
  • Gebremariam Mesfin Assres Kristiania University College
  • Mulugeta Atsbaha Aksum University
  • Tor-Morten Grønli Kristiania University College


Machine Translation (MT) is an application area of NLP where automatic systems are used to translate text or speech from one language to another while preserving the meaning of the source language. Although there exists a large volume of literature in automatic machine translation of documents in many languages, the translation between English and Tigrigna is less explored. Therefore, we proposed the hybrid approach to address the challenges of applying syntactic reordering rules which align and capture the structural arrangement of words in the source sentence to become more like the target sentences. Two language models were developed- one for English and another for Tigrigna and about 12,000 parallel sentences in four domains and 32,000 bilingual dictionaries were collected for our experiment. The parallel collected corpus was split randomly to 10,800 sentences for training set and 1,200 sentences for testing. Moses open source statistical machine translation system has been used for the experiment to train, tune and decode. The parallel corpus was aligned using the Giza++ toolkit and SRILM was used for building the language model. Three main experiments were conducted using statistical approach, hybrid approach and post-processing technique. According to our experimental result showed good translation output as high as 32.64 BLEU points Google translator and the hybrid approach was found most promising for English-Tigrigna bi-directional translation.